Thursday, 20 August 2015

Nobel Prizes Facts

1. Nobel prizes are given in accordance with the will of Swedish inventor of dynamite, Alfred Nobel.

2. The first Nobel Prize was awarded in the year 1901.

3. The Nobel Prize award ceremonies are held on December 10 every year, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death in 1896.

4. All the Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden except for the Nobel Peace Prize which is awarded in Oslo, Norway.

5. The Nobel Prizes were initially given in FIVE fields viz. Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Peace and Literature.

6. Nobel Prize in the field of Economic Sciences were instituted in the year 1969.

7. The first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize - Marie Curie for Physics in 1903.

8. The first person and only woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in two different fields - Marie Curie for Physics in 1903 and for Chemistry in 1911.

9. The first man to be awarded the Nobel Prize in two different fields - Linus Pauling for Chemistry in 1954 and for Peace in 1962.

10. The first Asian (also first Indian) to be awarded the Nobel Prize - Rabindranath Tagore for literature in 1913.

11. The first African woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize - Wangari Maathai from Kenya for peace in 2004

12. The first person to be awarded Nobel Prize in the field of Physics - Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen in 1901 for his discovery of X-rays.

13. The first person to be awarded Nobel Prize in the field of Literature in English language - Rudyard Kipling (of Jungle Book fame) in 1907.

14. The first person to be awarded Nobel Prize for Peace - Jean Henry Dunant, founder of International Red Cross in 1901, jointly with Frédéric Passy, Founder and President of first French peace society.

15. The first woman to be awarded Nobel Prize for Peace - Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner of Austria in 1905.

16. The youngest person to be awarded the Nobel Prize Malala Yousafzai - for Peace in 2014 (at the age of 17 years ).

17. The organisation to be awarded the Nobel Prize thrice International

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